E Visas (E-1, E-2, and E-3) for temporary workers
Before entering the United States, treaty traders or investors and Australian specialty occupation workers must apply and receive an E-1, E-2, or E-3 visa from a U.S. consulate or embassy overseas. A U.S. company may also request a change of status to E-1, E-2, or E-3 for a nonimmigrant that is already in the United States.
Treaty traders (E-1) conduct substantial trade in goods, including but not limited to services and technology, mainly between the United States and their country of origin of which they are citizens or nationals.
Treaty investors (E-2) invest a substantial amount of money and direct the operations of an enterprise they have invested in, or are actively investing in.
Australian specialty occupation workers (E-3) perform services in a specialty occupation.
See U.S. Department of State’s Treaty Countries for a current list of countries the United States maintains a treaty of commerce and navigation with.
General Eligibility for E-1 Classification
Substantial trade generally refers to the continuous flow of sizable international trade items, involving numerous transactions over time.